Glossary of Arabic grammar terms

 

الأجْوَفHollow Verb (Middle is a weak letter)
أَدَةُ التَّعْرِيفThe Definite Article
أدَوات (حُرُوف) الجَرّThe Prepositions
أَدَوات الجزمThe particles (conditional Pronouns which introduce the verb in the Jussive Case.
الجَزمThe Jussive Case (w/ verbs)
أدَوات النَّصْبThe particles which introduce the verb in Accusative Case.
إِسْمٌ / أَسْمَاءٌNoun/ Nouns.
الأسْمَاءُ الخمسةThe Five Nouns (أبو, أخ , حمو, فو, ذُو)
أَسْمَاءُ الإسْتِفهامThe Interrogative Pronouns.
أَسْمَاءُ الإشارةThe Demonstrative Pronouns.
إِسْمُ الفاعِلActive Participle
إسمُ المفعولPassive Participle.
الإِسماءُ الموصُولةThe Relative Pronouns.
الشَّرْطConditional
جملة شرطِيَّة:Conditional Phrase.
أَدَاة شَرط :Conditional Particle.
الإضَافَةA Genetive Construction
المُعْرَبThe vowel of the last consonant in a verb or noun is dynamic.
الأَفْعَالُ الخمسَةThe Imperfect verb with (you feminine singular, you masculine dual, they masc. Dual, you masc. Plural, they masc. Plural)
أَفْعَلَComperative & Superlative
ألِف التَّأْنِيت الممدودةFeminine Noun ending with Alif &
Hamzah ( صَحْرَاء)
ألِف التَّأْنِيت المقصورةFeminine Noun ending with (ى     )
حُبْلَى , سَلْمى …….
البدلSubstitute
المبنيThe end of a word, noun, verb or particle is static. Some employs the term “indeclension”.
ألتَّصْغِيْرThe Diminutive Pattern.
التَّعَجُّبThe Verbal Exclamatory Style.
التَّمْييزAn Accusative of specification & comparison & measurement.
التَّنْوِيْن“Nunation” (duplicate vowel of the last consonant).
التَّوْكِيْدAdded word for emphasis.
التَّفْضِيْلComperative & Superlative
حالة الجَرّ/ مجرورGenetive (with nouns).
حالَة الجزم/مَجْزُومٌJussive (with verbs)
جَمْعٌPlural
جَمع تَكْسِيْرBroken Plural
جَمْع مُذَكَّر سَالِمMasculine Sound Plural
جمع مُؤَنَّث سالمFeminine Sound Plural
جملة إِسْمِيَّةEquential Sentence (Nominal)
جُملة فعليَّةVerbal Sentence
الحَالHaal Accusative
حَرفُ الجَرّThe preposition
حروف الزِّيادَةThe Ten Letters (one or more added to the Root of the Verb to derive different meanings.(س , أ , ل , ت, م , و, ن , ي , ه , ا )
سَأَلْتُمُونِيْهَا ( للحِفظ)
حُروف العطفThe conjunctions.
حروف الهِجَاءThe Alphabet.
الخبرThe Predicate
حَالَة الرَّفع / مرفوعNominative ( Verbs & Nouns).
سَاكِنٌ / سُكُونAbsence of Vowels
شِبْهُ الجُمْلَةPrepositional Phrase
أسْمَاء الصِّلَة/Relative Pronoun
الأسماء المَوْصُولَة
الصِِّلَةُAttributive Relative Clause
الضَّمِيْرThe Personal Pronoun.
العَلَمA proper Noun
الفاعِلActor , (The doer of the verb (comes only after the verb.
فِعْل أَمرImperative
الفِعْلُ المَاضِيThe Perfect Tense.
الفعل الثُلاثِيThe Triliteral Verb (فَعَلَ)
الفِعْلُ اللازِمAn Intransitive Verb
ألفِعْلُ المُتَعَدِّيA transitive Verb.
فعل ثلاثِي مُجَرَّدالفِعْلُ المُجَرَّد
فِعْلٌ مُجَرَّدالفِعْلُ المَزِيْد + one or more of the Increase Letters.
الفِعْلُ المُضَارِعThe Imperfect Tense ( indicates present or future Tense).
الفِعْلُ المُعْتَلّThe Weak Verb
الفِعلُ المبنِي للمجهولPassive verb
الفِعْلُ المبني للمعلومActive Verb
الفِعْلُ المَاضِيPerfect Tense
لا النَّافِيَةLa of Negation.
مَا النَّافِيةMa of Negation.
المُبْتَدَأُThe subject of a Sequential (Nominal) Sentence.
المَبْنِيWith a static case-ending.
المبنِي للمعلومActive Voice
المَبْنِي لِلْمَجْهُولPassive Voice
المثالA Verb starting with (و , ي)
المُثَنَّىDual
ألمُسْتَثْنَىExceptive
أَدوَات الإسْتِثْنَاءExceptive Particles
المَصْدَرInfinitive/ Verbal Noun
الإِضَافَةGenetive Construction
المُضَاف1st Particle of the construction
المُضَاف إِلَيْهِ2nd Particle of the construction
المُعَرَّفA Definite Noun
المفعُول بِهِAn Accusative Object.
المَفْعُول فِيْهِAdverbal Qualification of Time or Place.
المَفْعُولُ المُطْلَقCognate Accusative (The Absolute Object.)
المَفْعُول مَعَهُ(مَع واو المَعِيَّة)
المَفْعُول لَهُAdverbal Qualification of Purpose
( أعْطَاهُ هَدِيَّةً ثَمِيْنَةً تَعْبِيْرَاً عن تَقْدِيْرِهِ )
ألمَقْصُورA noun ending with long Vowel                       (ا)
ألْمَمْدُودA noun ending with a long vowel(ا)
Followed by (ء).
الممنوع مِن الصَّرفAn unnonated noun.
المنقُوصA noun ending with (ي)
(إسْمُ فَاعِلٍ مُشْتَقٌّ من الفعل النَّاقِص)
نَائِبُ الفاعِلSubject of the Predicate (Substitute of the Doer of the Verb)
(It comes only with Passive Verbs).
النِّسْبَةNisbah (Attributive Form)
ألنَّصْب / مَنْصُوبAccusative (w/ nouns )
Subjunctive (w/verb).
أَلصِّفَة/ ألنَّعْتThe Adjective.
النَّكِرَةA common noun
نُون التَّوكِيْدن of emphasis
نُونُ النِّسْوَةن The feminine plural pronoun
وَاو الجمَاعَةوا The masculine Plural Pronoun
أَلِف الإثْنَيْنا The dual pronoun.
يَاء المُخَاطَبَةي The you feminine Pronoun.
هَمْزَةٌA glottal stop
وزن الفِعلThe Pattern of the verb.


Categorie:10.04- Lessico arabo di filosofia, P01- Comprendere l'arabo

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